Belajar Mudah 16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Dijamin Kamu Langsung Paham

Belajar Mudah 16 Tenses Bahasa Inggris, Dijamin Kamu Langsung Paham

Kampung Inggris Bandung E-PLC –  Kamu salah satu orang yang bingung saat mulai belajar Grammar bahasa Inggris? Eits gak perlu bingung, kita belajar pelan-pelan yuk, terutama saat mempelajari tenses bahasa inggris . Tidak perlu tergesa-gesa untuk paham tetapi mulailah secara perlahan.

Tenses sendiri adalah sebuah konsep yang menerangkan waktu kejadian dari sebuah pernyataan. Tentunya bagi kita yang bukan penutur asli bahasa Inggris, rumus tenses menjadi hal yang dianggap rumit dan sulit dipahami.

Tenses memiliki peraturan dan juga pengecualian dalam. Cara paling utama dan tepat untuk menguasai tenses adalah dengan memahami rumusnya, dan kapan kondisi yang pas tenses tertentu harus digunakan. Berikut ini dijelaskan 16 tenses berikut rumus dan contoh kalimatnya:

rumus 16 tenses bahasa inggris

Simple Present Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan fakta, kebiasaan, dan keadaan umum yang terjadi pada saat ini.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: always, every, never, normally, often, sometimes, usually, seldom

Kalimat positif (Subject + Verb/ Verb-s/es + Complement) = I work hard for this company.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + am/are/is/do/does + not + complement) = He does not work hard for this company.

Kalimat tanya (Do/does + Subject + Verb1 + Complement?) = Does he work hard for this company?

Baca selengkapnya : Cara Mudah Memahami Simple Present Tense

 

Present Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk membicarakan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung. Yang paling utama dari tense ini adalah adanya durasi waktu untuk kata kerjanya.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: at the moment, just now, now, right now, Listen!, Look!

Kalimat positif (Subject + am/are/is + Verb-ing + Complement) = We are studying English.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + am/are/is + Not + Complement) = We are not studying English.

Kalimat tanya (Am/are/is + Subject + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Are we studying English?

Baca selengkapnya : Baca Sampai Selesai untuk Memahami Present Continuous Tense

 

Present Perfect Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kegiatan atau kejadian sudah selesai dan menekankan pada hasilnya.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now.

Kalimat positif (Subject + has/have + Verb3 + Complement) =  I have finished my homework.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + has/have + not + Verb3 + Complement) = She has not finished her homework.

Kalimat tanya (Has/have + Subject + Verb3 + Complement?) = Have they finished their homework?

Baca Selengkapnya : Pahami Rumus dan Kondisi dalam Menggunakan Present Perfect Tense

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang dimulai pada masa lampau dan terus berlanjut sampai saat ini. Biasanya kegiatan yang menggunakan tense ini mempunyai durasi waktu tentu dan mempunyai relevansi dengan kondisi sekarang.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: since, for the past …, the whole week.

Kalimat positif (Subject + has/have + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = She has been speaking for the last 3 hours.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + has/have + not + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = You have not been working here since 2015.

Kalimat tanya (Has/have + Subject + been + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Have you been working here since 2015?

Baca Selengkapnya : Berkenalan dengan Present Perfect Continuous Tense Yuk

 

Simple Past Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kejadian di masa lampau.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: last year, last month, yesterday, in 1996, last Sunday.

Kalimat positif (Subject + Verb2 + Complement atau subject + was/were + Complement) =  I worked hard for that company.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + did/was/were not + Verb1 + Complement) =  He did not work hard for that company.

Kalimat tanya (Did + Subject + Verb1 + Complement? atau Was/were + Subject + Complement?) = Did you work hard for that company?

Baca Selengkapnya : Simple Past Tense. Mengungkapan Kejadian yang Telah Lalu 

 

Past Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kejadian yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau. Biasanya ada dua kejadian terjadi di masa lampau dan kejadian yang diinterupsi tersebut yang menggunakan tense ini.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: when, while, as long as, at this time yesterday.

Kalimat positif (Subject + was/were + Verb-ing + Complement) = I was studying English when he called.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + was/were + Not + Verb-ing + Complement) = I was not studying English when he called.

Kalimat tanya (Was/were + Subject + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Was I studying English when he called?

Baca Selengkapnya : Menggunakan Past Continuous Tense dalam sebuah Kalimat

 

Past Perfect Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan kejadian yang terjadi sebelum waktu tertentu di masa lampau dan lebih menekankan pada hasil dari pada durasinya kejadiannya. Biasanya digunakan untuk menunjukkan kejadian mana yang terjadi terlebih dahulu di antara dua kejadian yang disebut.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: yesterday, till three days ago, already, until that day.

Kalimat positif (Subject + had + Verb3 + Complement) = I had finished my homework before I met up with my friends yesterday.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + had + not + Verb3 + Complement) = I had not finished my homework before I met up with my friends yesterday.

Kalimat tanya (Had + Subject + Verb3 + Complement?) = Had I finished my homework before I met up with my friends yesterday?

Baca Selengkpanya : Menyatakan Kejadian Masa Lalu yang Sudah Selesai? Pakai Past Perfect Tense

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang terjadi di masa lalu dan sudah selesai pada waktu tertentu di masa lalu juga. Tense ini menekankan pada durasi kejadiannya. Tense ini juga digunakan pada Reported Speech.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: for, since, the whole day, all day.

Kalimat positif (Subject + had + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = You had been crying for an hour.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + had + not + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = He had not been crying for an hour.

Kalimat tanya (Had + Subject + been + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Had she been crying for an hour?

Baca Juga: Tips Belajar Vocabulary untuk Tingkatkan Skill Bahasa Inggris

Baca Selengkapnya : Begini  Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Simple Future Tense

Rumus Bahasa Inggris ini digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan atau suatu keadaan di masa depan.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: next…, tomorrow, five days later.

Kalimat positif (Subject + will/be going to + Verb1 + Complement) =  I am going to work hard for this company.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + will not / be not going to + Verb1 + Complement) =  I am not going to work hard for this company.

Kalimat tanya (Will + Subject + Verb1 + Complement? atau Be + Subject + going to + Verb1 + Complement?) = Am I going to work hard for this company?

Baca Selengkapnya : Kenali Simple Future Tense (Rumus, Fungsi, juga Contohnya)

 

Future Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kegiatan atau keadaan yang akan terjadi di suatu waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: tomorrow morning, in ten years.

Kalimat positif (Subject + will / be going to+ be + Verb-ing + Complement) =  I will be studying English.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + will not / be not going to + be + Verb-ing + Complement) = I will not be studying English.

Kalimat tanya (Am/are/is + Subject + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Are you going to be studying English?

 

Future Perfect Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang akan berakhir di masa depan.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: next…, in a week.

Kalimat positif (Subject + will have + Verb3 + Complement) = I will have finished my homework by tomorrow.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + will not have + Verb3 + Complement) = I will not have finished my homework by tomorrow.

Kalimat tanya (Will + Subject + have Verb3 + Complement?) = Will I have finished my homework by tomorrow?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 

Rumus Bahasa Inggris ini digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang akan terus terjadi di masa depan. Tense ini menekankan pada hasil.

Ciri-ciri ada kata:  for the last…, all day long.

Kalimat positif (Subject + would + have + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = In 2020, she would have been working here for two years.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + would + not + have + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = In 2020, she would not have been working here for two years.

Kalimat tanya (Would + Subject + have + been + Verb-ing + Complement?) = In 2020, would she have been working here for two years?

 

Past Future Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang seharusnya dilakukan di masa lalu namun gagal (rencana yang gagal).

Ciri-ciri ada kata: yesterday, the day before, last week.

Kalimat positif (Subject + would/should + Verb1 + Complement) = I would come to your party if you invited me.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + would/should not + Verb1 + Complement) = I would not come to your party if you did not invite me.

Kalimat tanya (Would/should + Subject + Verb1 + Complement?) = Would I come to your party if you invited me?

 

Past Future Continuous Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kegiatan yang akan dilakukan di masa lampau dan akan berlangsung hingga waktu tertentu di masa lampau. Tense ini menekankan pada durasi kegiatannya.

Kalimat positif (Subject + would/should + be + Verb-ing + Complement) = I would be studying if you had not disturbed me yesterday.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + would/should not + be + Verb-ing + Complement) = I would not be studying if you had not disturbed me yesterday.

Kalimat tanya (Would/should + Subject + be + Verb-ing + Complement?) = Would I be studying if you did not disturb me yesterday?

Baca juga: Weekly Grammar: Perbedaan Will dan Going To Dalam Future Tense

 

Past Future Perfect Tense

Digunakan untuk menunjukkan suatu kegiatan yang akan sudah dilakukan di masa lampau namun ternyata tidak dilakukan (rencana yang gagal). Tense ini menekankan pada hasil.

Kalimat positif (Subject + would/should +  have + Verb3 + Complement) = I would have bought a new car if I had enough money.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + would/should not +  have + Verb3 + Complement) = I would not have bought a new car if I had enough money.

Kalimat tanya (Would/should + Subject + be + Verb3 + Complement?) = Would I have bought a new car if I had enough money?

 

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Rumus Bahasa Inggris ini digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang akan sudah dan masih sedang dilakukan di masa lampau, namun sebenarnya tidak terjadi. Tense ini menekankan pada durasi dan hasilnya.

Ciri-ciri ada kata: for, but, unfortunately.

Kalimat positif (Subject + would/should +  have + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = She would have been waiting for me for three hours yesterday but she had left by 9.00 PM.

Kalimat negatif (Subject + would/should not +  have + been + Verb-ing + Complement) = She would not have been waiting for me for three hours yesterday but she had left by 9.00 PM.

Kalimat tanya (Would/should + Subject + have + Verb-ed + Complement?) = Would she have waited for me for three hours yesterday?

Selesai deh ke-16 tenses ini sudah kita pelajari, mudah dipahami kan? Sekali lagi dalam memahami 16 tenses ini cara utama adalah dengan memahami rumusnya dan kondisi kapan tenses tersebut digunakan. Sering-sering latihan membuat kalimatnya yuk.

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